EADWEARD MUYBRIDGE (British b. 1830)
Muybridge started his photographic career in San Francisco after being involved in a serious stage coach accident. Some time after which, Muybridge was contacted by California Governor Leland Stanford to help settle a bet as to whether all four hooves of a running horse left the ground at the same time. Muybridge began photographing a galloping horse in a sequence of shots. With funding from Stanford, Muybridge was able to develop a method for photographing motion and proved that all four hooves do lift off the ground at once. In 1883, Muybridge was invited to continue his research at the University of Pennsylvania and for the next few years produced thousands of photographs of humans and animals in motion.